Lipper, L., Thornton, P., Campbell, B., Baedeker, T., Braimoh, A., Bwalya, M., et al. (2014). Climate-smart agriculture for food security. Nat. Clim. Edit 4, 1068-1072. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2437 Countries are under pressure to set stricter climate targets before the end of the year and before critical talks in Glasgow, UK in November 2021, called Cop26. Vietnam`s greenhouse gas emissions will increase significantly by 2030 under an updated UN climate plan. Lan, L., Sain, G., Czaplicki, S., Guerten, N., Shikuku, K.M., Grosjean, G., et al. (2018). The economic and community impact of introducing climate-smart agricultural practices in three mega-environments. PloS ONE 13:e0207700. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0207700 Vietnam is extremely vulnerable to climate change due to its long coastline and numerous estuaries.
That is why the country is developing a policy that is committed to taking action to combat climate change. Mitigation objectives and adaptation priorities are formulated in national contributions (NDCs). Vietnam also quickly ratified the Paris Agreement and was one of the first countries to develop an action plan for the concrete implementation of the agreement. This plan sets out specific measures, responsibilities and assistance requirements. However, the country still lacks concrete implementation experience. Vietnam`s Ministry of Mineral Resources and Environment (MONRE) is responsible for inter-ministerial cooperation in the implementation of national climate change targets. Governance and legal issues need to be clarified, not least because vietnam`s internationally communicated climate targets have not yet been incorporated into national or sectoral legislation. Planning for the implementation of the NDC in cities and provinces must also be extended and reflected in national budgets. “Vietnam ratifies the Paris Agreement on climate change.” Vietnamnet, November 6. english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/environment/166483/vietnam-ratifies-paris-climate-change-agreement.html.