But then, he says, the extremist parties, which had initially refused or delayed participation in the agreement, began to be dissatisfied with the alleged concessions of the moderates to the other side, on controversial subjects such as the Irish language and the transmission of traditional parades. Durkan and Nesbitt both claim that their opponents then used this negative energy to win votes – and power and patronage – for themselves. An electoral system of proportional representation aimed at eroding former denominational divisions in Northern Ireland failed in this task and voters drew to opposite ends of the spectrum, such as Sinn Féin and the DUP, to ensure that their community had greater collective power. The agreement came after many years of complex discussions, proposals and compromises. A lot of people have made a great contribution. Tony Blair and Bertie Ahern were the leaders of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland at the time. The presidency was chaired by U.S. Special Envoy George Mitchell.  On 10 April 1998, the so-called Good Friday Agreement (or Belfast Agreement) was signed. The agreement helped end a period of conflict in the region, known as a riot.
The agreement called for the creation of an independent commission to review police rules in Northern Ireland, “including ways to promote broad community support” for these agreements. The UK government has also pledged to carry out a “large-scale review” of the criminal justice system in Northern Ireland. The agreement recognises Northern Ireland`s constitutional status as an integral part of the United Kingdom and reflects the wishes of the majority of citizens. But he also established a principle of approval – that a united Ireland could emerge if and if a majority of the population of the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland wanted to. In this case, the British government would be required to hold a referendum and respect the result. The agreement was for Northern Ireland to be part of the United Kingdom and remain in place until a majority of the population of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland wished otherwise. If this happens, the British and Irish governments will be “obliged” to implement this decision. He adds: “It is remarkable and it is a testimony to the history of the events of the night, when those present worked until dawn to make a breakthrough, and then signed the documents of the other for posterity.” The relationship between Ian Paisley and Martin McGuinness, First Minister and Deputy First Minister, was a sign that Northern Ireland had really changed.